9.13.2009

ESSAY 2: Unemployment Graduates


The increasing unemployment rate among the graduates in Malaysia is a worrying trend. The days have passed when a degree scroll can become a passport to employment. Higher education is no longer a symbol of career success. This may sound painful for graduates.

The highest unemployment was contributed by the following statistics:


1) Universiti Teknologi MARA, UiTM – 3,278 (16.2%)
2) Universiti Utara Malaysia, UUM – 1,532 (7.6%)
3)Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM – 1,147 (5.7%)
4)Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM – 971 (4.8%)
5)Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM – 919 (4.5%)

There are some contributing factors:

1. Economy
The changing of the economic structure is a probable cause for the rise in the unemployment. For many years, the manufacturing has been the strongest sector in the country until it is now being progressively replaced by the services sector. The services sector requires people who do not only possess the right technical knowledge, but also those who possess the right soft skills – interpersonal, communication, wisdom, maturity and are business oriented. Now, getting graduates with that kind of quality is a tough endeavor these days. It is even hard to find graduates who can speak moderate English.

2. Quality of education
It seems that every year the country produces more and more brilliant students. This is evident with the increasing number of straight A students in SPM. It is also easier to find degree holders with first class honors. Surely, this is a good standard of the graduate’s quality.

3. Choosy job seekers
Nowadays, candidates are expecting job offer to come with a package – a good pay, convenient working location, no shift, no work beyond 6pm and so on, with everything handed in a silver platter that different with the real world.

4. Lack of guidance
Blaming the graduates themselves for the whole dilemma is not entirely right either. After all, they are products of an inconsistent system. Majority of them are oblivious to the expectation from them in the employment market. Upon graduation, they not ready to face the real world. The supposedly days of liberation suddenly becomes the days of uncertainty. This happens due to obvious difference between the education and the employment – i.e. study is study and work is work. This gap needs an immediate bridging.

5. Choosy employers
If the employer is putting working experience as a requirement to get a job, the fresh graduates will suffer to seek their first work.

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